Legislation

DRIVING CONDITIONS

European legislation on driving conditions and licences is based on directive 91/439, which defines driving licences for different categories of vehicles, from two wheels. This directive defines a B1 permit for heavy four-wheel vehicles, but does not define any particular conditions for light four-wheel vehicles. Each European country is therefore free to allow licence-free driving or not.

DRIVING FROM THE AGE OF 14

FRENCH LEGISLATION VALID ON FRENCH TERRITORY
2ND NOVEMBER 2014:

Change to the age at which a light motorised four-wheel vehicle may be driven: 14 years.
19 JANUARY 2013:
The road safety certificate is now called AM licence and applies to the driving of light motorised four-wheel vehicles. The practical training course, which still does not involve an exam, takes 7 hours.
- The road safety certificate corresponds to the AM licence in the sense of directive 2006/126/CE. This licence does not come within the points system.
- Driving age (decree 2014-1295): From 2nd November 2014, drivers aged 14 may drive a moped or light motorised quadricycle.
- Drivers of light quadricycles born before 1st January 1988 still do not require a road safety certificate or a driving licence (no change: driving without a licence) and may continue to drive without a specific document (licence) (in France only).
- All drivers of light quadricycles born after 31st December 1987 must have a road safety certificate issued before 19th January 2013 or the AM-license issued as of 19th January 2013, or any driving license which is valid in France.

THE AM LICENCE

THE AM LICENCE HAS A MOPED OPTION AND A LIGHT QUADRICYCLE OPTION..
The AM licence consists of:
For the theory part:
the 1st-level or 2nd-level school road safety certificate (ASSR1 or ASSR 2) or the road safety certificate (ASR) obtained in an adult training centre.
For the practical part:
a seven-hour training course (without exam) on a moped or light quadricycle including:
- Practical training without traffic: equipment, role of equipment, essential maintenance checks and safety checks, handling the vehicle without being in traffic (two hours);
- Practical training in traffic (four hours);
- Awareness to specific driving-related risks:
behaviour to adopt, speed and its consequences (one hour);
The practical training part may be performed on the light quadricycle provided by the customer, if it is covered by insurance for the seven hours of training.
Equivalence:
- Holders of a road safety certificate with moped option issued before 19th January
2013 or of an AM licence with moped option may drive a light quadricycle ,
- Holders of an AM licence with light quadricycle option can only drive a light quadricycle. No access to a moped.
- Holders of any valid driving licence can drive a light quadricycle.